Core of .NET Web Application Development

There are millions of different types of a website in the digital world. One can get the interactive information about a person, business or organization from the website. You need a web application solution, however, to make a website function in a specific way. There are hundreds of solutions to choose from when it comes to the web application development. You can filter through the various solutions depending on how you want your application to run and function.

The most dynamic web applications used in business today is .NET. The work of development from the Microsoft in the .NET framework in the late 90’s originally came under the name of Next Generation Windows Services. This makes it really efficient for any user to share and use their information between multiple websites, programs, and computers and is a Microsoft web services strategy to connect information, people, systems and devices through the .NET software.

.NET Web Application Development

So what is .NET?

.NET is created by Microsoft and primarily runs on Microsoft Windows and is otherwise known as .NET framework and is a type of digital development industry. The .NET framework uses language interoperability which can use a code written in other languages in a large Framework class library (FCL). The FCL provides the user interfaces, database connectivity, data access, numeric algorithms, network communications and cryptography. Any programs are written in .NET use a software environment known in the programming world as CLR which is a virtual machine and includes the range of services such as

  • Services: .NET has its own security mechanism Code Access Security (CAS) and is an evidence which is related to a specific assembly to govern the permissions approved to get to the code.
  • Memory Management: The burden of memory management is taken away from the developer and handles the memory management itself by detecting when memory can be safely freed.
  • Performance: When the application is launched, the .NET framework complies the intermediate language code into the executable code with JIT compiler and stores into the .NET native image cache. Because of this application is launched faster but generally, the first launch is always slower.

To create the dynamic web applications, programmers can develop software by uniting their own source code with the .NET framework and other libraries. All the new applications are used to run on Microsoft Windows. As the technology evolves, computer system requires interaction between newer and older applications so the .NET frameworks provide access to the functionalities implemented in newer and older programs that perform outside the .NET environment.

.NET Web application development  

If you are firm to develop the software in .NET, you must enlist all the IT companies that can program your software on a professional level. Programing might sound quite straight forward but it is a highly complicated task. By hiring a .NET web application developer, they would have an extensive knowledge of development and can program your application to your requirement. Before you make any final decisions, it might be worth doing your research on .NET web application development to make sure you fully understand the process.

Advertisements

The Basics of Software Application Security

There are always some threats in the software application of the organization which is not quite simple to identify and mitigate it. When you write, test, deploy the software you must understand SQL injections, cross-site scripting errors, broken authentication, misconfigured web servers. You might have observed that, when there is a lot of pressure to deliver software, errors and vulnerabilities are likely to fall through the developments.
This is only the reason, you should have the perfect knowledge of the basics of software application security. It can’t be the worst idea to review the security of the application at a regular period of time to check its effectiveness, though your organization already has an application security program. It is highly important for the software development team to know the basics of the security if your team is growing or taking new and more ambitious projects.

Software Application Security
Check out some of the fundamentals of the effective application security program

  • Doing assessment of software security at regular interval: There are many tools on the open web application security project website including Software assurance maturity model which makes assessments much easier.
  • Implementing “defense-in-depth” practices: With this type of security, you develop the stack of layers in building security to your code and software systems. When you deploy the overlapping security and integrate with input validations, server configurations, database abstract layer and more; you somehow bolster your defenses in application.
  • Give special security issue training to the developers: If your team believes, the main concern of security lies mainly on the network, firewalls, and SSL- then they are wrong. This thought may lead to a problem. Security training to the developers is important in your firm’s security program.
  • Check the security during designing: When you are developed with the part of code, you must do the code review during the development which is highly crucial to keep the application secure. There are many automated tools available online which can scan your source code during development to reduce the risk during the early phase of software development life cycle.
  • Assesmenting the security of apps in production: The cycle doesn’t complete, once your app is done with coding and go in a production. You must constantly check the behavior of the application to know the insight of the traffics. If there is spontaneous increase or decrease in the traffic, you must beware that something is suspicious or is going through some malicious activity. Make a check on the app to know the important changes. If your app throws an error during the runtime then it is sure that someone is attacking your app. Invest your time to monitor this activity so that such attacks doesn’t take place.
  • Make sure, you are not using tools with known vulnerabilities: All users might be familiar with this type of risk. Vulnerabilities in third-party open source tools can remain unaddressed for a long period of time may be months or years. The things that save out time always attracts us but do not take a risk and do check the known vulnerabilities.

What is waterfall development in software development and why to prefer it?

The waterfall model is one the most popular methodology of software development life cycle (SDLC) in software engineering. It is the traditional approach followed in SDLC which is also described as a linear and sequential flow. It is the first model to be introduced, being highly simple and quite easy to understand. It has some different goals for each phase of development.

In the waterfall model, each phase must be completed before the next phase can begin without overlapping in the phases. For instance, imagine the water falling from the mountain cliff. Once the water starts flowing from the cliff, it cannot move in the upwards direction. Likely, waterfall model follows the same strategy. Once the development phase is completed, there is no U-turn and it needs to move further towards the next phase.

At the end of each phase, reviews take place to keep checks whether the project is flowing on the right path and whether to continue or discard the project. The concept of Waterfall model was introduced in 1970 by Winston M. Royce.

software development life cycle

The Design

Waterfall model is the highly approached model, ensuring the success of the project. This waterfall model has typically divided into distinct phases and the outcome of one phase acts as an input for the next phase.

  • Requirements: This is the first phase of development in the waterfall model where all the necessary requirements are gathered and captured in this phase and properly documented in the requirement specification documentation.
  • Analysis: In the analysis phase, requirements are studied and verified. The analysis is done to check, whether the requirements specified are valid or not.
  • System Design: The design of the system is prepared by studying the requirements specification documentation. This guides you in developing the architecture of the system and also helps in defining the hardware and system configurations.
  • Implementations: After the developing the architecture of the system, project move towards the implementations. Here, from the inputs of the system design, the system is implemented into small programs which are tested after getting completed and moved towards the next phase. This testing is called unit testing. These small programs are, especially for its functionality and performance.
  • Testing: After the implementation of the project is completed, testing phase initiates to test the each component to verify whether it is working in a specified way or not. Post integration of every unit testing is done to find faults and failures.
  • Deployment: Once the final testing is done and made sure of having no bugs in the project, a project is ready for its final release. It is deployed in the customer environment at the end for the user to use the system.
  • Maintenance: In this last phase of software development, projects are maintained and always checked whether users are using error free or not. If any issues arise from the client environment, patches are released, and even better versions are upgraded for the better user experience and updates are delivered.

Advantages of waterfall model

  • Very easy to understand and implement as well as fewer resources are required to develop a project
  • Higher chances of project visibility as every check are done at all sprints. By this client can make out the progress of the project
  • It becomes very easy in deciding the milestones of the projects as timeframes and deadlines can be set from time to time completion
  • Highly systematic and well-organized structure followed in developing the project.
  • Process and results are well documented

Disadvantages of waterfall model

  • Once the first iteration of the application is completed, you need to proceed further. You can’t do any modification in the previous stage.
  • You can’t get all requirement at one go. Hence your requirement can’t get a freeze. In this case, an output of one phase is carried forward to the next phase.
  • The high amount of risk and uncertainty.
  • Too many changes disturb the rhythm of development.

Projects where Waterfall model is suitable

  • Database related software
  • E-commerce website
  • Network Protocol software

There are multiple software development methodologies. Every such methodologies has its pros and cons. The decision of which process to use depends on multiple criteria and on case-to-case basis. One should always prefer to consult with a professional software development company or consultants to get the desired results.

Software application development methodologies ~ Agile vs Waterfall model

Agile method and waterfall model both are distinct from one another. One of the initial decision every software developers have to face is that, which model to go for developing the software projects. Software development requires well planned guidance through the scratch till end of the process of the user acceptance and maintenance. When it comes to the software development, for selecting any kind of methodology the success of your project is decided before your work is commenced. Of course that is obvious it begins with planning and choosing the most effective framework for your project. For your guidance, we have put some points forth to help you decide, which methodology of software application development should be adopted.

Waterfall model

The waterfall model is the old traditional development framework that was used in 1970’s. It is a linear sequential model where the output of each phase acts as an input of the following phase. Here the development flows from scratch to end like a waterfall as the name suggest. Waterfall was discovered by none, rather it was inherited from the enterprise resource software developers where once the production of first phase is completed it is impossible to go back to the previous phase. It is impractical and very much costly to manage. Here the coding is done after the requirements and designs are final out. In general terms, waterfall model deals with startup phase, planning phase, execution phase and closing phase. And as it is difficult to go back to the previous phase, requirements must be reviewed and approved by the customer. There is no room to update the error without scratching from the first, so a proper extensive planned should be made from beginning and executed carefully.

PROS

  • As waterfall model is a sequential model, it is easy to understand and well manageable. Team doesn’t need any training or a knowledge for developing waterfall model.
  • With this model, clients have much clear ideas of what to expect from this model i.e it’s cost, size, time frame.
  • The process is properly documented since this method places high emphasis on requirements and design documentation.
  • Its progress is more easily measured, as whole work is measured in advance.

CONS

  • The main con for this development model is, once the first phase is completed, one can’t checkout the previous phase. Incase if any errors occur in testing, than it becomes dam expensive and difficult to modify the changes.
  • In the first phase of the waterfall model, clients must identify their project requirements. However it is tough for them to identify what they want in the early stage of the project.
  • If the customer is dissatisfied about its delivered software project, it is difficult to make changes, as all the deliverables are based on the documentation and customer will only be able to see their outcome at the end of the project.

Agile Model

Agile is the solution for the cons faced in waterfall model. In agile development model, incremental approach is followed instead of sequential one. In this approach design process is broken into individual model. Agile in terms of development is defined as a communication and flexibility of the project. Agile development tool uses variety of method in order to produce efficient result. This category is more adaptable than waterfall model as it has a good timeframe to work when requirement keeps on changing. Here you also get the flexibility to catch out the bugs found during the development as well as if you encounter any bug in testing, you can go back to the previous phase for its recovery. The sole aim for the each iteration is to produce the product which can to shown to the customer. And then feedbacks are given for the future iterations.

PROS

  • In agile model, changes can be done at any time during the project development. And you can always, go back to the backlogs for any modifications.
  • For the real time development, it gives the chance to improve at every phase.
  • As the products are tested thoroughly at every sprints it is easy to deliver at the end of any cycle.
  • As it allows you to add features as and when require, you can always add extra functionalities to keep your product to the industry standards.

CONS

  • Generally Agile teams are very small, so team members of the agile must be highly skilled in the varieties of areas.
  • Agile also depends on the capabilities of project manager. It can turn out into list of code sprint, if project manager is not careful about it. As a result your project may take more time and it can become expensive too.
  • Here if the any team member leaves the project in between the development, it can be highly be a catastrophic which is unlikely in waterfall as it is document based.

Which is better? Waterfall or Agile?

Both Agile and Waterfall have their own approaches, advantages and disadvantages. On one hand, waterfall model is generally used for the static projects; it is not likely to make many changes throughout the project. In contrast agile is preferable for the smaller project where you can make infinite changes whenever you wish. As agile is more flexible than waterfall, you can meet the customer requirements more easily. If you think that, your requirements will be changing as per the industry standards than choose agile. If you know your requirements, exactly what you need than waterfall model is much better option. It’s obvious that when it comes for selecting the methodology between two, there is no correct or incorrect choice. You need to understand your requirements and choose it which is suitable for you.

 

What an organization should want its Enterprise Resource Planning system to do and what it should expect

It has been proven that ERP software helps an organization meet its strategic objectives. An effective system frees up various management levels from a large number of operational issues. The managers could get enough time to determine what is happening. The software helps a firm become an integrated whole, in contrast to being a collection of single functionalities, departments or locations. It would bring the best practices embedded in a way that it operates to the practices that would be the basis for future growth.

One of the several reasons why an ERP is being implemented is to achieve cutting on cost. Most of the savings are achieved via the overall efficiencies in place, minimizing inventory levels, better resources management and through strategic alignment gained by the system’s inherent nature. Some savings are intangible and difficult to measure. However, they could play a major role for a business to acquire a competitive edge and to boost profitability.

The enterprise resource planning system provides automation for all business departments and functions. Thus, marketing and sales could run their operations on the framework and so would accounts and finance, retail and distribution and more. Nevertheless, it is not as if the functions were not automated before the ERP software, it is just that after the implementation, they share the same data seamlessly, the information flow across functionalities and locations are enable and process driven.

An enterprise resource planning software benefits the finance department by letting them have the necessary information to relate cash flow administration.
The program pressures the best practices into the organization. These practices are part of the software. Additionally, adoption makes the company more process-oriented, more robust and in synch with the best in the world. So, it come as no surprise that when a system is implemented, the entire organization benefits more through being more simplified and in line with the best.

Enterprise Resource Planning system

The ERP software empowers users and provides them accountability and responsibility in ways that previously was not available. With data integration and flow, more information is available to users. The screens could provide data which enables them to make well-informed decisions. In general, the applications are designed for the best process applicable all over the globe. When concentrating on specific procedures to be simplified by the program, the business is pressured to assess its current methodologies and standardize as required.

An enterprise resource planning module is designed in an open architecture.
This means that a module can be detached or interfaced as per the need and will not affect the other modules’ performance. Moreover, they can support various hardware platforms for those companies with numerous collections of systems. The ERP software could also boot plans and analytical capacities to manage through content storing in a common, consistent format that can be accessed quickly.

Majority of businesses are moving toward internet, intranet and extranets. The ERP software lays the back end groundwork to support an internet venture. This is most evident with the material procedures. Many organizations are online with suppliers in which the materials tracking become a critical procedure as items are often in virtual warehouses. The software provides a flow of content between sales, purchasing, and inventory to external suppliers who should be aware when to ship materials.

 

 

Software Development Project Fails: How do you save them?

It is quite common and natural to see a project failure in any software development company. There are many reasons why software project fails such as budget problem, poor management, less scope, improper schedule, poor technology and much more. When a new software project is launched, the best way to avoid failure, is to take help of an expert from Software Development Company who can assist you at a very early stage of project planning. Getting an expert advice is one of the best practices for the better project outcome. Another is, if you can find the root cause of the problem, you can rescue your software project from becoming the big blunder.

Someone has rightly said that “The roots of trees are bitter, but its fruit is always sweet”

One must focus on the path of the solution, and not the path of failure. This is one of the biggest methology for the software project rescue. Software Development Company needs to standardize the some of the proper key terms to keep the individuals intact, and keep primary focus on goals. Software project rescue also requires the approach for the proper team, and efficient work. It also requires the company to guide you to get the right results. Following the clear standards from the scratch till the end ensures the success of the project. Not doing so can send the project to the death march; hence some guidelines are important to know as follows:-

  • Ensure that, your requirements are properly comprehended: Many software project fails, when requirements are not properly defined. Vendors failed to give the sufficient information needed for developing the software project. To make the software project a success, it is very much necessary that clients to give the adequate information. If there is lack of direction than there is no point in putting efforts for software development. You don’t need to jot down all the minute and mandatory details but clear goals are much necessary. Estimate the nature of the problems, and then give the accurate time frames and budgets. You must also keep an eye on the project manager, whether he is posing the precise questions to the clients or not. This can help in understanding the end product properly. This is quite common while dealing with non-technical clients, like the business owners, CEO, CMO, and others. Business Analysts and project managers should adopt some better ways of effectively gathering requirements from non-technical clients.
  • Accepting the milestone dates, without system audits: Someone of your team mate may spectacularly commits to the deadline, without doing the proper system audit and unintentionally misses the deadline. In such case, it leads to the software project failure. You also must be aware of such kind of people. For instance: would you buy the used house, without checking out properly and its conditions? A system audit will nullify the risk and gives the software development company a good start to initiate the project. There are also multiple reasons why a software development team would be given an arbitrary project completion deadline. Overcrowded schedule is also the next reason for the software project failure.
  • Measurable success matrix must be well defined: Project Manager must define the proper matrix and KPI’s with the team in order to work towards the specified goal. By these, the team gets the clear pointers to hit the target. The last phase of the project development should produce the list of the items that can punch the objective quickly with the measurable results. A good development team must be able to accomplish the task quickly in a given time frame. If you become the champion in passing out these matrixes like task milestone, analysis, research, than you can save your project from getting failed.
  • Engage a team with the right skill: This is the most mandatory thing, for the success of software project. Some project managers, just to save the cost or else, blindly assigned the task to the same team again and again who are least aware of the project task. This leads to the failure. If the task are assigned according to the skill of the employees, project development would quick up as the skilled employees are already aware of the what, when and hows.

There are many other chances of failure, and many other pointers to save your project. But keeping in mind, the above mentioned points will mitigate your risk towards the software development project. Hence finding the root cause and from the proper expertise guidelines throughout the software development life cycle are key things for the project rescue.

Steps to improve quality management in software application development

Faster, Better, Cheaper – that’s what every organization requires. Everything is about the improving quality management of software that can be only done by outlandish design and less error. “Errors” which is widely known as Software Bugs – are the incorrect small piece of code that results into the entire failure of the software. If your software is not working properly, the sole thing that the software tester do is check bugs in your code. Fixing the software bugs at early stage of Software Development Lifecycle saves much of the time.

The majority of the software project results into steady degradation due to the design quality and some unsolvable bugs – and hence it becomes much difficult to maintain the same level of quality. The quality management had a dynamic impact on industrial sector and has finally reached to software industry. Someone has rightly said “Quality cannot be sprinkled onto an application before it gets exposed to your clients. It must be the entire part of SDLC right from inception to implementation”.

How to improve quality in Software Application Development

Practice 1: Define quality that matches your business requirements

One of the biggest challenge in software application development is, ensuring that what you are defining, does fulfil your requirement or not. Implementing the most simple to the most complex product that matches the requirements needs a well-defined process. The organization must own, control and properly maintain competencies as state of the art and should know how to tailor them to the characteristic of specific projects and business units. By defining the quality, the testing team can fulfil the business requirements as well get the better feedback. This is only possible because the software team is given certain amount of time frame and budget to complete their task.

Practice 2:  Organizing better quality circles

Quality circles are the group of people who are encouraged to access processes and recommend improvements all with the goal of promoting quality, efficiency and productivity. Organizing employees in a quality circles is an effective way to identify and address problems. This have emerged as a mechanism to develop and utilize tremendous potential of the people for improvement in product quality and productivity. The operation of quality circles includes several steps such as:

  • Problem identification
  • Problem analysis
  • Problem selection
  • Generate alternative solution
  • Select the most appropriate solution
  • Prepare the action plan
  • Implementation of solution

Practice 3: Test at the right time

Early software testing can be a game changer. By finding the bug earlier you will be able to detect and defect and solve early rather than solving them at the end. The later software bug are detected leads to the more expensive one and take much long time to resolve. Write test cases on such individual unit modules and break these modules into smaller parts to ensure the maximum test coverage. Get the senior testers involved during the design phase to formulate the more effective test framework. More than 70 percent of software issues can be traced back to poor requirements.

Practice 4: Broadcast simple quality practices

With highly visible metrics, quality becomes the highest priority and hence reduces the defects. If you have no metrics at all, you likely don’t have much process and almost zero to less chance to improve as you are not aware, which changes can be effective or hinder the effectiveness of the quality of software. Try to measure yourself against your competitors so that you can point, where you have greatest opportunity for improvement and therefore where to put more efforts in your SDLC process. Highly visible metrics keep quality top of mind for the entire team and expose when efforts fall short.

Practice 5: Automate the use of testing tools

By automating the testing tools, testing team as well as development team can focus on the test of the highest priority. Automated testing tools can handle the repetitive and time consuming test that every software goes through. Software directory can be upgraded with every new test and every new bug discovery. Hence it drastically reduces the margin of error in the testing scenario by going pre-recorded instructions. And ofcourse, you need to have the expertise to know how to get the value of the tool and create a sustainable benefit.

They say that “Quality must be beyond the sky, in software development company to reduce the rework, improve user satisfaction, security and performance”

Top Software Development Trends in 2016

2016 brought around several outsourcing trends that simplify the software development process for developing IT applications. Sourcing has become a vital factor in the business field for years and has become an effective solution for organizations, especially beginners and small to mid-sized companies. The process helps them boot efficiency and services without spending a lot of money. Enterprises worldwide are transferring their various IT requirements to keep up with the competition and boost ROI.

The year will bring about customers embracing standardization. Cloud, utility and virtualization computing will converge. Everything would start to appear the same for the next months as businesses become more and more comfortable with it. The outsourcing industry is becoming more comfortable with the advantages of standardization, which include enhanced efficiency, virtualization, less supports and a whole lot more. There will be more similarity than difference, in the single company’s formerly complicated IT scenario and across enterprises, both service provider and customer.

The cloud would remain dominant this year. Many companies that do so will go for the more economical public solutions. Nevertheless, a rising number would opt for hybrid or private solutions wherein they can do good economic sense. Regardless of the solution, the major concern will be on how will enterprises provide a differentiated support assistance experience which would enable users to click from within an application to help on time assistance.

3cfd7baeaa87b26309ea92696c7a2c96cbed46ae

More than 4,000 billion dollars of outsourcing contracts will be regenerated. Additionally, most of the clientele will forego the traditional approach for a multi-sourcing model that is based on cloud. The workload will be run from the most apt function, than being centralized on a dedicated infrastructure. This further would inspire awareness of the computing style as buyers will consider using analytics and automation to simplify and provide visibility to the sourcing system’s supply chain.

This year, outcomes would be the name of the game when it comes to software development outsourcing. There would be a boost in a market facing process solution such as marketing, managing campaign and inside sales that allow vendors align their compensation and incentives with the intended outcomes of the client. The solutions will incorporate an increase of technologies that are based on the style to allow vendors to compete based on their unique offerings.

The decision to outsource would be data-driven. Big Data and analytics play a major role in the process. As the complexity of the process rises and clients will become more sophisticated, the requirement to search for the next set of opportunities. Furthermore, optimization will benefit so much from analytics and not just on expert advice. Companies would depend on budget transparency and better content for comprehending optimization chances and need better integration of management processes to integrate different services and cloud vendors.

The year 2016 would bring the IT industry a boost in hybrid offshoring, smaller deals, and a larger focus on in-house offering integration, new lower-cost consulting model and bigger governance requirements. This year could be a time to be company-centered, the decisions to outsource could turn into facts, customers embrace standardization and the RFP procedure will acquire true competition. To enhance customer loyalty and to keep them satisfied, it is important to enhance operations continuously as well as thoroughly engage them.